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Walleye Pollock Research

Walleye Pollock
Walleye Pollock
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photo of walleye pollock  
 
bongo net sampling

Walleye pollock, Gadus chalcogrammus, (formerly Theragra chalcogramma) is a key species in the Alaska groundfish complex and a target species for one of the world's largest fisheries. Walleye pollock produce the largest catch of any single species inhabiting the 200-mile U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone. Today, Alaska pollock is the primary "fish-stick fish." It is also the fish used in many fast-food fish sandwiches, and the mild-tasting fish is regularly used in imitation crab.

Pollock is a semipelagic schooling fish widely distributed in the North Pacific Ocean with largest concentrations found in the eastern Bering Sea. Pollock are considered a relatively fast growing and short-lived species and currently represents a major biological component of the Bering Sea ecosystem. In the U.S. portion of the Bering Sea including the Aleutian Islands region, three stocks of pollock are identified for management purposes.

Pollock in the Gulf of Alaska are managed as a single stock independently of pollock in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands. The separation of pollock in Alaskan waters into eastern Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska stocks is supported by analysis of larval drift patterns from spawning locations, genetic studies of allozyme frequencies, mtDNA variability, and microsatellite allele variability.

During 2012, pollock made up 61.9% of the total groundfish catch off Alaska.  The pollock catch for 2012 was 1,310,330 metric tons (t), up approximately 2% from 2011.

The 2012 catch of flatfish, which includes yellowfin sole, rock sole and arrowtooth flounder, was 321,530 t or 15.2% of the total 2012 Alaska groundfish catch, down about 2% from 2011.

Pacific cod accounted for 329,040 t or 15.5% of the total 2012 Alaska groundfish catch.  The Pacific cod catch was up about 8% from a year earlier.

Other important species (% of total 2012 catch and % change from 2011) are:  Atka mackerel 49,020 t (2.3%, down 8%),
sablefish 13,850 t (0.7%, up 7%), and rockfish 55,450 t (2.6%, up 8%).



Recent Walleye Pollock Publications, Poster Presentations, & Research Activities
(Source: North Pacific Groundfish Stock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation Reports.)

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