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NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-298

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Smooth sheet bathymetry of Norton Sound


We assembled approximately 230,000 U.S. National Ocean Service (NOS) bathymetric soundings from 39 lead-line and single-beam echosounder hydrographic surveys conducted from 1896 to 2005 in Norton Sound, Alaska. These bathymetry data are available from the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC:, which archives and distributes data that were originally collected by the NOS and others. While various bathymetry data have been downloaded previously from NGDC, compiled, and used for a variety of projects, our effort differed in that we compared and corrected the digital bathymetry by studying the original analog source documents - digital versions of the original survey maps called smooth sheets. Our editing included deleting erroneous and superseded values, digitizing missing values, and properly aligning all data sets to a common, modern datum. We incorporated 3 multibeam surveys, and added an additional 6,992 single-beam soundings from the 2010 Northern Bering Sea bottom trawl survey to fill in where smooth sheet data were lacking. We proofed and digitized 312 cartographic features, comprised mostly of rocks and islets and also digitized 4,305 verbal sediment descriptors, and digitized or adapted 2,142 km of mainland and 837 km of island shoreline. These data are not to be used for navigational purposes.

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