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AFSC Seminar Series No. 13

Scheduled Seminars

Integrating Ecosystem Management with Global Climate Change: Add Miracle Here!

Presenter: Doug DeMaster (Alaska Fisheries Science Center)
When: Tuesday, December 19, 2006, 11:00am
Where: Bldg. 4, Traynor Seminar Room, Rm. 2076,  AFSC, Sand Point Campus, Seattle, Washington

The seminar will be transmitted live to Auke Bay Laboratory (main conference room), and to the Newport Laboratory (BFB - Room 201).



One of the four cornerstone goals of NOAA's Strategic Plan is to "protect, restore and manage coastal and ocean resources through an ecosystem approach" (NOAA, 2004). This goal flows from the mandates and direction of such federal laws, executive orders, courts, and international treaties as the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery and Conservation Management Act, and National Environmental Policy Act, National Marine Mammal Act, Coral Conservation Act, ICCAT, IATTC, Coastal Zone Management Act, and National Marine Sanctuaries Act.

These are expressions of society's goals for management that dictate how management is to be prosecuted. When combined, they reflect the recognition that fishing is but one competing use of ecosystems that produces ecological and society benefits. But the benefits are not achieved without costs; thus, the need for managing living marine resources (LMR) in an ecosystem context.

The critical need for a more holistic approach to managing the use of LMR's has been well articulated in a number of recent publications, including US Commission on Ocean Policy Report (2004), US Ocean Action Plan (2004), PEW Ocean Commission Report (2004), Rappoport (1998), Report to Congress by the Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel (1999), FAO (2003), a series of essays published by the Marine Ecology Progress Series (Browman and Stergiou, 2004), a series of NRC publications (1994, 1999a, 1999b, 2001, and 2002), as well as numerous references contained therein.

In short, an ecosystem approach to management framework must include performance measures related to target and bycaught species. It must also include uncertainty in single species production models associated with Global Climate Change (GCC). In the Bering Sea, GCC will likely be manifest by increased temperatures throughout the water column, reduction in the maximum extent and thickness of sea ice, and ocean acidification. Predicting how these anticipated changes will effect on the dynamics of LMR in the Bering Sea poses a significant challenge to managers and marine ecologists.


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