The annual Groundfish Stock Assessment and Fisheries Evaluation (SAFE) Economic Status Report is produced by staff of the Economic and Social Sciences Research Program (ESSRP) at the National Marine Fisheries Service’s (NMFS) Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC). Refer to the most recent year’s Economic Status Report for staff contact information.

Data in the SAFE tables and SAFE .csv files are aggregated to satisfy requirements for public disclosure of fisheries data–in general, three entities reporting for federal fisheries data and four entities reporting for State of Alaska data. A value of ‘-9999’ indicates a confidential value that does not meet the threshold for public disclosure.

Overview

For the purposes of Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) analysis, a business involved in fish harvesting is defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) as a small business if it is independently owned and operated and is not dominant in its field of operation (including its affiliated operations worldwide). Beginning in 2015, NMFS size standards for finfish fishing (NAICS code 114111) and shellfish fishing (NAICS code 114112) vessels define a small entity vessel as one which has combined annual receipts across all revenue sources no greater than $11 million.

Tables 36 -39B present estimated counts and average revenues of entities with catch in federally-managed Alaska groundfish fisheries for 2015, reported by NMFS entity size. Entities are classified as large or small for a given year using their average annual gross revenues over the three most recent years, inclusive. Vessels catching groundfish while targeting halibut are included among the entities reported in these tables.

Estimates of gross revenue include revenue streams from ex-vessel landings (for catcher vessels) and first wholesale production (for catcher/processors) of groundfish and other species. Available sources of data on Alaska fisheries revenue include the CFEC gross earnings file, COAR product reports, and federal groundfish production data priced via AKFIN’s product price index. Data on ex-vessel revenue from federal West Coast fisheries, including the imputed ex-vessel value of the at-sea whiting fishery, have also been incorporated into revenue estimates for the relevant entities. As vessels may have additional revenue streams (e.g., tendering activity) not represented in these data sets, current methods for calculating gross revenue are likely to overestimate the number of small entities and underestimate the number of large entities.

Because we lack information necessary to determine if a vessel is independently owned and operated, this set of tables has historically been tabulated for the SAFE by treating vessels as proxies for business entities. Revenue and entity size are determined for each vessel individually without regard to vessel affiliations, as follows:

  1. The size standard (finfish or shellfish) applied to the vessel is determined using the type of activity the vessel derived the majority of its revenue from for the given year:
    1. Finfish revenue is calculated as the sum of: Alaska FMP groundfish first wholesale value sourced from priced NMFS AKR production reports (catcher processors); ex-vessel value for Alaska finfish sourced from the CFEC gross earnings file (catcher vessel deliveries); and Alaska non-FMP finfish first wholesale value sourced from ADF&G COAR product reports.
    2. Shellfish revenue is calculated as the sum of: ex-vessel value for Alaska shellfish sourced from the CFEC gross earnings file (catcher vessel deliveries); and Alaska shellfish first wholesale value sourced from ADF&G COAR product reports.
  2. Total annual revenue for each vessel is calculated as the sum of:
    1. Alaska groundfish first wholesale value sourced from priced NMFS AKR production reports (catcher processors)
    2. Alaska groundfish ex-vessel value sourced from the CFEC gross earnings file (catcher vessels)
    3. Greater of ex-vessel value (sourced from CFEC gross earnings file) or first wholesale value (sourced from COAR product reports) for Alaska non-groundfish species
    4. West Coast fisheries (Washington, Oregon, California) ex-vessel revenue
  3. Entity size is determined by comparing the vessel’s average annual gross revenues over the three most recent years (inclusive) to the applicable SBA size standard for the given year.

Beginning with the 2014 SAFE report, we have provided an additional set of tables, Tables 37a and 39b, showing small entity participation and average revenue taking into account known affiliations among vessels–specifically, cooperative affiliations in the AFA pollock, Amendment 80 non-pollock trawl, Central Gulf of Alaska rockfish, Bering Sea & Aleutian Islands crab, and freezer longliner BSAI Pacific cod fisheries, in addition to some known corporate affiliations. Entity size for data in these tables is determined as follows:

  1. For vessels not belonging to any of these affiliations, revenue and entity size are determined using the standard method described above.
  2. Annual group revenues are tabulated as the sum of member vessels’ annual revenue (calculated as described in Step 2 above); group entity size is determined by comparing the group’s average annual revenue over the three most recent years (inclusive) to the applicable SBA size standard for the given year. With the exception of crab cooperatives, all affiliations are subject to the finfish size standard.
  3. Large entity status for a group confers large entity status on all member vessels. For each vessel, any determination of large entity status–whether by virtue of vessel-specific revenue or group revenue–takes precedence over a finding of small entity status. For example, a vessel that is classified as a small entity based on its own revenues and which belongs to a small-entity groundfish cooperative and large-entity crab cooperative is not counted as a small entity.

For these tables, participation in groundfish fisheries is defined as any catch (i.e., either retained or discarded) of groundfish, including groundfish caught as bycatch in directed halibut fisheries. Catch data are sourced from NMFs Alaska Region Catch-accounting System data and ADF&G fish ticket data to identify vessel participation by gear, area, and vessel type (catcher vessels and catcher processors).

Tables 36 - 39B

Source: ADF&G Commercial Operators Annual Reports (COAR); ADF&G Intent to Operate (ITO) file; NMFS Alaska Region At-sea Production Reports; CFEC gross earnings (fish tickets) file; NMFS Alaska Region Blend and Catch-accounting System estimates; NMFS Alaska Region permit data; and AKFIN West Coast whiting revenue data. Data compiled and provided by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network (AKFIN). National Marine Fisheries Service, P.O. Box 15700, Seattle, WA 98115-0070.

Table 36 and Table 37A present counts of large entity and small entity vessels catching groundfish by area, vessel type, and gear. Entity size is determined for each vessel individually without accounting for vessel affiliations.

Table 37B presents counts of small entity vessels catching groundfish by area, vessel type, and gear, with entity size determinations based on affiliated group revenues, as described above.

Table 38 and Table 39A present the average revenue of large and small entity vessels catching groundfish by area, vessel, type, and gear. Entity size is determined for each vessel individually without accounting for vessel affiliations. “Average revenue” for each category is calculated by summing the average annual gross revenues over the three most recent years (inclusive) for each vessel in the category and dividing by the number of vessels in the category.

Table 39B presents the average revenue of small entity vessels catching groundfish by area, vessel, type, and gear, with entity size determinations based on affiliated group revenues, as described above. “Average revenue” for each category is calculated by summing the average annual gross revenues over the three most recent years (inclusive) for each vessel (or group) in the category and dividing by the number of vessels (or groups) in the category.

Data fields and descriptions

Column Name Description Values
entity_size SBA entity size Large
Small
zone Area Bering Sea & Aleutian Islands
Gulf of Alaska
All Alaska
sector Harvesting sector Catcher Processors
Catcher Vessels
All Vessels
gear Gear Hook & Line
Pot
Trawl
All Gear
year Calendar year 2015
vessels Number of vessels (Tables 36-37A)
entities Number of entities (Table 37B)
avgrev_m Average revenue ($ millions) Equals total revenue / number of vessels or entites