The annual Groundfish Stock Assessment and Fisheries Evaluation (SAFE) Economic Status Report is produced by staff of the Economic and Social Sciences Research Program (ESSRP) at the National Marine Fisheries Service’s (NMFS) Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC). Refer to the most recent year’s Economic Status Report for staff contact information.

Data in the SAFE tables and SAFE .csv files are aggregated to satisfy requirements for public disclosure of fisheries data–in general, three entities reporting for federal fisheries data and four entities reporting for State of Alaska data. A value of ‘-9999’ indicates a confidential value that does not meet the threshold for public disclosure.

Overview

Tables 16 - 24 of the groundfish Economic Status Report present ex-vessel prices and value (revenue) estimates for catch in the groundfish fisheries in the waters off Alaska. For the purposes of estimating ex-vessel prices and value, we divide North Pacific groundfish into two broad categories:

Groundfish that are not well-represented by deliveries to shoreside processors. Species that are delivered to shoreside processors in amounts that are too small to warrant setting up separate production lines typically receive a nominal price from processors, as fish are processed directly into meal. Using these transactions as the basis for estimating ex-vessel prices and values likely results in underestimating the true value of the raw, unprocessed fish. Currently, this category of groundfish includes:

Since at least the late 1990s, analysts at the AFSC have imputed an ex-vessel price for fish in this category based on a fraction of the processed-product price; this imputed price (referred to as a “proxy price”) is the value of processed products for the at-sea sector divided by the retained round-weight of catch and multiplied by a factor of 0.4 to correct for value added by processing. We estimate the value of processed products in the price calculation by multiplying product prices derived from the Alaska Department of Fish & Game (ADF&G) Commercial Operators Annual Report (COAR) production data, which report revenue and processed-product weight by species and product type, by the weight of processed products from NMFS Alaska Region’s (AKR) groundfish production report data. Round weights in these calculations are also derived from WPR data. We chose the 0.4 factor by examining the ratio of ex-vessel prices to head-and-gut (H&G) processed-product prices for species (primarily Pacific cod) that are well reprsented in both COAR buying and production data. A 2011 analysis shows that, while the ratio of ex-vessel price to H&G product price for Pacific cod varies considerably from year to year, the long-term average of the ratio is very close to 0.4.

Trawl-caught rockfish from the GOA, which were previously considered to belong to this category of groundfish, were found in the 2011 analysis to be well represented in shoreside landings. Since 2000, at least 20% of the the total annual rockfish catch in Alaska has been caught by trawl gear in the GOA and delivered to shoreside processors. Thus, for years 2000 and later, ex-vessel prices and values for trawl-caught GOA rockfish are estimated using data on shoreside purchases reported in COAR buing data, as described below.

Estimates of ex-vessel value for this category of groundfish are calculated by multiplying the imputed ex-vessel price by the round weight of retained landings from the NMFS AKR’s ‘Blend’ (for years through 2002) and catch-accounting system (CAS) estimates (for years 2003 through the present), which are the official estimates of groundfish landings for management purposes.

Groundfish delivered to shoreside processors in sufficient quantities to provide adequate data for estimating ex-vessel prices directly. These include all groundfish other than those described in the category above. For this second category of groundfish, COAR buying data are used directly to estimate ex-vessel prices. COAR buying reports include the net weight of fish purchased and the dollar amount paid for the fish by area, gear, species and delivery condition. The delivery condition identifies the form the fish was in when delivered–i.e., whether it was delivered whole (in the round), or whether it had been minimally processed at sea (bled or headed and gutted, for example) before delivery. For fish not delivered as whole fish, we use product-recovery rates (PRR) to estimate the round weight of the delivered fish. We estimate the round-weight ex-vessel price for the fish by dividing the dollar amount paid for the fish by the actual round weight (if the fish is delivered whole) or estimated round weight (if the fish is delivered in a processed condition). Total ex-vessel value is estimated by multiplying the ex-vessel price by the total retained round weight from Blend or CAS data.

NOTE: We obtain ex-vessel value estimates for all sectors, including the catcher/processor sector for category 2 groundfish and the shoreside sector for category 1 groundfish, by multiplying the estimated ex-vessel price (whether imputed or obtained directly from COAR data) by the AKR’s estimates of total retained round weight for the sector.

To summarize, the data sources for estimates of groundfish ex-vessel prices and value are:

Tables 16 and 17

Source: NMFS Alaska Region Blend and Catch-accounting System estimates; NMFS Alaska Region At-sea Production Reports; ADF&G Commercial Operators Annual Reports (COAR); and NMFS Office of Science and Technology, Fisheries Statistics Division, Fisheries of the United States. Data compiled and provided by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network (AKFIN). National Marine Fisheries Service, P.O. Box 15700, Seattle, WA 98115-0070.

Table 16 reports real ex-vessel value in the domestic commercial fisheries off Alaska by species. We produce estimates for groundfish ex-vessel value by the process described above. Estimates for non-groundfish species come from the ‘Alaska 8850 report’, which is currently prepared by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network and which provides input of Alaska fisheries’ catch and ex-vessel value data to NMFS headquarters’ annual Fisheries of the United States report. Note that the CSV data for Table 16 show nominal ex-vessel values, whereas Table 16 as published in the SAFE show values deflated to the most recent year’s dollars using the Personal Consumption Expenditures Chain-type Price Index.

Table 17 reports the percentage distribution of ex-vessel value of the catch in the domestic commercial fisheries off Alaska by species. We obtain the percentages by dividing the ex-vessel value for each species by the total ex-vessel value for all species and multiplying by 100.

Tables 18 - 21

Source: NMFS Alaska Region Blend and Catch-accounting System estimates; NMFS Alaska Region At-sea Production Reports; andADF&G Commercial Operators Annual Reports (COAR). Data compiled and provided by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network (AKFIN). National Marine Fisheries Service, P.O. Box 15700, Seattle, WA 98115-0070.

Table 18 reports ex-vessel prices in the groundfish fisheries off Alaska by area (BSAI, GOA, All Alaska), gear (fixed, trawl), and species. The prices are for catch from fisheries managed both by the federal government and by the state of Alaska.

Table 19 estimates ex-vessel value of the groundfish catch off Alaska by area (BSAI, GOA, all Alaska), vessel category (catcher vessels, catcher/processors), gear (trawl, hook-and-line, pot, all gear), and species. Estimates are for fisheries managed both under a federal Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) and by the state of Alaska.

Table 20 reports ex-vessel value of Alaska groundfish delivered to shoreside processors by area, gear, and catcher-vessel-length class for both federal- and state-managed fisheries. The catcher-vessel length classes are: less than 60 feet, between 60 and 125 feet, and greater than or equal to 125 feet.

Table 21 reports ex-vessel value per catcher vessel for Alaska groundfish delivered to shoreside processors by area, gear, and catcher-vessel-length class for both federally managed and state-managed fisheries. We obtain these numbers by dividing the ex-vessel values reported in Table 20 by the number of vessels in each category.

Table 22

Source: NMFS Alaska Region Blend and Catch-accounting System estimates; NMFS Alaska Region At-sea Production Reports; ADF&G Commercial Operators Annual Reports (COAR); and CFEC gross earnings (fish tickets) file. Data compiled and provided by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network (AKFIN). National Marine Fisheries Service, P.O. Box 15700, Seattle, WA 98115-0070.

Table 22 reports ex-vessel value of the groundfish catch off Alaska by area, residency (Alaska, other states or unknown) and species for both federally managed and state-managed fisheries. Catch delivered to motherships is classified by the residence of the mothership’s owner; all other catch is classified by the residence of the harvesting vessel’s owner.

Table 23 and 24

Source: ADF&G Commercial Operators Annual Reports (COAR); and ADF&G Intent to Operate (ITO) file. Data compiled and provided by the Alaska Fisheries Information Network (AKFIN). National Marine Fisheries Service, P.O. Box 15700, Seattle, WA 98115-0070.

Tables 23 and 24 report the ex-vessel value of the groundfish delivered to shoreside processors and ex-vessel value of groundfish as a percentage of the ex-vessel value of all species delivered to shoreside processors, respectively, by processor group. With the exception of the Bering Sea pollock processors, we classify the processors primarily by their location. The processor groups are as follows:

Note that Tables 23 and 24 are assembled entirely from COAR buying data and thus are not directly comparable with the other ex-vessel price/value tables.

Data fields and descriptions

Column Name Description Values Translation
year Calendar year
desig Designation of harvesting vessel C Catcher vessels
P Catcher/Processors
sector Translation of desig code
zone Numeric area code 5 Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands
6 Gulf of Alaska
9 All Alaska
fmp_area FMP area BSAI Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands
GOA Gulf of Alaska
All AK All Alaska
gearcode Code for gear used to land catch FIX Fixed gear (hook-and-line and pot)
HAL Hook-and-line
POT Pot
TWL Trawl
XOT Other and unknown
YAL All gear
gear Translation of gear code
species_code Species or group code for landed species AMCK Atka mackerel
FLAT Flatfish
OTHR Other groundfish
PCOD Pacific cod
PLCK Walleye pollock
ROCK Rockfish
SABL Sablefish
species Common name of landed species
vleng Catcher-vessel length-class code 1 Less than 60 feet
2 Between 60 and 124 feet
3 Greater than or equal to 125 feet
length_class Translation of length-class code <60 ft Less than 60 feet
60-124 ft Between 60 and 124 feet
>=125 ft Greater than or equal to 125 feet
res Code for residence of vessel owner A Alaska
O Other
U Unknown
residence Translation of residence code
group_code Numeric code for shoreside processor group 1 Bering Sea Pollock Shore Plants
(Use for sorting groups into same order as in tables) 2 Alaska Peninsula and Aleutians Shore Plants
3 Kodiak Shore Plants
4 South-Central Alaska Shore Plants
5 Southeastern Alaska Shore Plants
6 Other Shore Plants
processor_group Translation of shoreside group codes
round_mt Round weight of retained catch in metric tons
round_lb Round weight of retained catch in pounds
exvessel_value Ex-vessel value (revenue) in dollars
exvessel_price_lb Ex-vessel price per pound ($/lb) Equals exvessel_value / round_lb
vessel_count Number of catcher vessels for the category
value_per_vessel Ex-value (revenue) per catcher vessel in dollars Equals exvessel_value / vessel_count
groundfish_exvessel_value Ex-vessel value (revenue) of groundfish
other_exvessel_value Ex-vessel value (revenue) of other species
groundfish_fraction Groundfish revenue percentage of all revenue (Groundfish revenue / all-species revenue) * 100
exvesval_YYYY_millions Ex-vessel value deflated to most recent year’s dollars
total_value_fraction Percentage of total ex-vessel value for each species