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ANDERSON, E. D., T. CREASER, C. L. MacKENZIE, Jr., J. BENNET, D. G. WOODBY, L-L. LOW, S. E. SMITH, and D. C. HAMM.
  1999. Nearshore fisheries, p. 213-227. In Our living oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41.

ANDERSON, P. J., and J. F. PIATT.
  1999. Community reorganization in the Gulf of Alaska following ocean climate regime shift. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 189:117-123.  Online. (.pdf, 748KB).

ARDREN, W. R., S. BORER, F. THROWER, J. E. JOYCE, and A. R. KAPUSCINSKI.
  1999. Inheritance of 12 microsatellite loci in Oncorhynchus mykiss. J. Hered. 90:529-536.

BAILEY, K. M., N. BOND, and P. STABENO.
  1999. Anomalous transport of walleye pollock larvae linked to ocean and atmospheric patterns in May 1996. Fish. Oceanogr. 8:264-273.

BAILEY, K. M., T. J. QUINN II, P. BENTZEN, and W. S. GRANT.
  1999. Population structure and dynamics of walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma. Adv. Mar. Biol. 37:179-255.

BAILEY, K. M., D. M. POWERS, J. M. QUATTRO, G. VILLA, A. NISHIMURA, J. J. TRAYNOR, and G. WALTERS.
  1999. Population ecology and structural dynamics of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma), p. 581-614. In T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (editors), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

BEAMISH, R. J., K. D. LEASK, O. A. IVANOV, A. A. BALANOV, A. M. ORLOV, and B. SINCLAIR.
  1999. The ecology, distribution, and abundance of midwater fishes of the subarctic Pacific gyres. Progr. Oceanogr. 43:399-442.

BECKMEN, K. B., G. M. YLITALO, R. G. TOWELL, M. M. KRAHN, T. M. O'HARA, and J. E. BLAKE.
  1999. Factors affecting organochlorine contaminant concentrations in milk and blood of northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) dams and pups from St. George Island, Alaska. Science of the Total Environment 231(2-3):183-200.

BENGTSON, J. L., P. L. BOVENG, V. BURKANOV, D. P. DeMASTER, K. J. FROST, and L. F. LOWRY.
  1999. Life history of Arctic ice seals: Do apex predators reflect inter-decadal changes in the Bering Sea ecosystem?, p. 11-13. In NOAA's Arctic Research Initiative - the first three years. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA, Arctic Research Office, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD.

BOUWENS, K. A., R. L. SMITH, A. J. PAUL, and W. RUGEN.
  1999. Length at and timing of hatching and settlement for arrowtooth flounders in the Gulf of Alaska. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 6:41-48.  Online. (.pdf, 85 KB).

BRODEUR, R. D., and M. TERAZAKI.
  1999. Springtime abundance of chaetognaths in the shelf region of the northern Gulf of Alaska, with observations on the vertical distribution and feeding of Sagitta elegans. Fish. Oceanogr. 8:93-103.

BRODEUR, R. D., and M. T. WILSON.
  1999. Pre-recruit walleye pollock in the eastern Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska ecosystems, p. 238-251. In Proceedings of GLOBEC international marine science symposium on ecosystem dynamics.

BRODEUR, R. D., M. T. WILSON, G. E. WALTERS, and I. MELNIKOV.
  1999. Forage fishes in the Bering Sea: Distribution, species associations, and biomass trends,p. 509-536. In T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (editors), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

BRODEUR, R. D., B. FROST, S. R. HARE, R. C. FRANCIS, and W. J. INGRAHAM, Jr.
  1999. Interannual variations in zooplankton biomass in the Gulf of Alaska and covariations with California Current zooplankton biomass, p. 106-135. In K. Sherman and Q. Tang (editors), Large marine ecosystems of the Pacific Rim: Assessment, sustainability, and management. Blackwell Science Ltd.

BRODEUR, R. D., C. E. MILLS, J. E. OVERLAND, G. E. WALTERS, and J. D. SCHUMACHER.
  1999. Evidence for a substantial increase in gelatinous zooplankton in the Bering Sea, with possible links to climate change. Fish. Oceanogr. 8:296-306.

BRODERSEN, C., J. SHORT, L. HOLLAND, M. CARLS, J. PELLA, M. LARSEN, and S. RICE.
  1999. Evaluation of oil removal from beaches 8 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, p. 325-336. In Proceedings of the Twentysecond Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ont.  Online. (.pdf, 3.96MB).

BUCKLEY, T. W., G. E. TYLER, D. M. SMITH, and P. A. LIVINGSTON.
  1999. Food habits of some commercially important groundfish off the coasts of California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-102, 173 p.  AbstractOnline  (.pdf, 3.29MB).

BUSBY, M. S., and J. W. ORR.
  1999. A pelagic basslet, Howella sherborni, (Family Acropomatidae) off of the Aleutian Islands. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 6:49-53.  Online (.pdf, 46 KB).

CARLS, M. G., S. D. RICE, and J. E. HOSE.
  1999. Sensitivity of fish embryos to weathered crude oil: Part I. Low-level exposure during incubation causes malformations, genetic damage, and mortality in larval Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi). Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18:481-493.

CARLSON, H. R., and C. A. PFISTER.
  1999. A seventeen-year study of the rose star Crossater papposus population in a coastal bay in southeast Alaska. Mar. Biol. 133:223-230.

DAHLHEIM, M. E., and J. E. HEYNING.
  1999.  Killer whale Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758), p. 281-322.  In S. H. Ridgway and R. Harrison (editors), Handbook of marine mammals.  Vol. 6: the second book of dolphins and porpoises.  Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

DELONG, R. L., and S. R. MELIN.
  1999. Population studies of northern fur seals at San Miguel Island, California, p. 73-80. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

DELONG, R. L., and S. R. MELIN.
  1999. Thirty years of pinniped research at San Miguel Island. Alolkoy 12(2):3-4.

DeMASTER, D. P.
  1999. Priority list for marine mammal conservation. Mar. Mammal Soc. Newsl. 7(2):4.

DeMASTER, D. P.
  1999. Hubbs-Sea World Remembered. Whalewatcher 32(1):22.

DeMASTER, D. P.
  1999. Report on the 3-15 May 1999 meeting of the Scientific Committee of the IWC. Mar. Mammal Soc. Newsl. 7(2):1-3.

DORN, M. W., S. K. GAICHAS, and S. M. FITZGERALD.
  1999. Measuring total catch at sea: Use of a motion-compensated flow scale to evaluate observer volumetric methods. North Am. J. Fish. Manage. 19:999-1016.

EBBESMEYER, C. C., and W. J. INGRAHAM, Jr.
  1999. Pumice and mines afloat on the sea. Oceanography 12(1):17-20.

FERRERO, R. C., and W. A. WALKER.
  1999. Age, growth, and reproductive patterns of Dall's porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli) in the central North Pacific Ocean. Mar. ammal Sci. 15(2):273-313.

FISCUS, C. H., and L. L. JONES.
  1999.  A note on cephalopods from the stomachs of Dall's porpoises (Phoenoides dalli) from the northwestern Pacific and Bering Sea, 1978-1982.  J. Cetacean Res. Manage.  1:101-107.

FORNEY, K. A., M. M. MUTO, and J. BAKER.
  1999.   U.S. Pacific marine mammal stock assessment: 1999.   U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-SWFSC-282, 62 p.  Online (.pdf, 765KB).

FOWLER, C. W.
  1999. Management of multi-species fisheries: From overfishing to sustainability. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:927-932.

FOWLER, C. W., and M. A. PEREZ.
  1999. Constructing species frequency distributions - a step toward systemic management. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-109, 59 p. AbstractOnline  (.pdf, 1.33MB).

FOWLER, C. W., J. D. BAKER, D. R. CORMANY, and R. G. TOWELL.
  1999. Population assessment, Pribilof Islands, Alaska, p. 9-16. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

FOWLER, C. W., J. D. BAKER, K. E. W. SHELDEN, P. R. WADE, D. P. DeMASTER, and R. C. HOBBS.
  1999. Sustainability: Empirical examples and management implications, p. 305-314. In Ecosystem Approaches for Fishery Management. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report 99-01, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

FREESE, L., P. J. AUSTER, J. HEIFETZ, and B. L. WING.
  1999. Effects of trawling on seafloor habitat and associated invertebrate taxa in the Gulf of Alaska. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 182:119-126.  Online. (.pdf, 1.44 MB).

GARNER, G. W., S. C. AMSTRUP, J. L. LAAKE, B. F. J. MANLY, L. L. McDONALD, and D. G. ROBERTSON (editors).
  1999. Marine mammal survey and assessment methods: Proceedings of the symposium on surveys, status and trends of marine mammal populations, Seattle, Washington, USA, 25-27 February 1998. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands. 287 p.

GERBER, L. R., and D. P. DeMASTER.
  1999. A quantitative approach to Endangered Species Act classification of long-lived vertebrates: Application to the North Pacific humpback whale. Conserv. Biol. 13:1203-1214.

GERBER, L. R., D. P. DeMASTER, and P. M. KAREIVA
  1999. Gray whales and the value of monitoring data in implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 15:1215-1219.

GERBER, L. R., W. S. WOOSTER, D. P. DeMASTER and G. R. VanBLARICOM.
  1999. Marine mammals: New objectives in U.S. fishery management. Rev. Fish. Sci. 7:23-38.

HARD, J. J., and W. R. HEARD.
  1999. Analysis of straying variation in Alaskan hatchery chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) following transplantation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56:578-589.

HEARD, W. R., and A. M. ANDERSON.
  1999. Alaska salmon, p. 157-166. In Our living oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41.

HEIFETZ, J., D. ANDERL, N. E. MALONEY, and T. L. RUTECKI.
  1999. Age validation and analysis of ageing error from marked and recaptured sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria. Fish. Bull., U.S. 97:256-263.  Online. (.pdf, 146KB).

HEINTZ, R. A., J. W. SHORT, and S. D. RICE.
  1999. Sensitivity of fish embryos to weathered crude oil: Part II. Incubating downstream from weathered Exxon Valdez crude oil caused increased mortality of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) embryos. Environ. Sci. Tech. 18:494-503.

HILL, P. S., and D. P. DeMASTER.
  1999. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 1999.  U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-110, 166 p.  PrefaceOnline. (.pdf, 4.19MB)

HILL, P. S., J. L. LAAKE, and E. MITCHELL.
  1999. Results of a pilot program to document interactions between sperm whales and longline vessels in Alaska waters. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-108, 42 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 2.63MB).

HIRUKI, L. M., M. K. SCHWARTZ, and P. L. BOVENG.
  1999. Hunting and social behavior of leopard seals (Hydrurga leptonyx) at Seal Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. J. Zool. 249:97-109.

HOFF, G. R.
  1999. Range extensions of 3 species of Macrourids from the west coast of North America. Calif. Fish Game 85:113-117.

HOLLAND, D., E. GUDMUNDSSON, and J. GATES.
  1999. Do fishing vessel buy-back programs work: a survey of the evidence. Mar. Policy 23(1):47-69.

HUNT, G. L., Jr., C. L. BADUINI, R. D. BRODEUR, K. O. COYLE, N. B. KACHEL, J. M. NAPP, S. A. SALO, J. D. SCHUMACHER, P. J. STABENO, D. A. STOCKWELL, T. E. WHITLEDGE, and S. I. ZEEMAN.
  1999. The Bering Sea in 1998: The second consecutive year of extreme weather-forced anomalies. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 80:561,565-566.

IRVINE, G. V., D. H, MANN, and J. W. SHORT.
  1999.  Multi-year persistence of oil mousse on high energy beaches distant from the Exxon Valdez oil spill.  Mar. Pollut. Bull. 38:572-584.

JACOBSON, L. D., F. C. FUNK, and B. J. GOINEY.
  1999. Pacific coast and Alaska pelagic fisheries, p. 167-173 In Our living oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41.

JOHNSON, S. W., and J. H. EILER.
  1999. Fate of radio-tagged trawl web on an Alaskan beach. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 38:136-141.

KAPPENMAN, R. F.
  1999. Trawl survey based abundance estimation using data sets with unusually large catches. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:28-35.

KARP, W. A., and H. McELDERRY.
  1999. Catch monitoring by fisheries observers in the United States and Canada, p. 261-284. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Integrated Fisheries Monitoring. FAO, Rome.

KRIEGER, K. J., and D. H. ITO.
  1999. Distribution and abundance of shortraker rockfish, Sebastes borealis, and rougheye rockfish, S. aleutianus, determined from a manned submersible. Fish. Bull., U. S. 97:264-272.  Online. (.pdf, 257KB).

LAAKE, J.
  1999. Distance sampling with independent observers: reducing bias from heterogeneity by weakening the conditional independence assumption, p. 137-148. In G. W. Garner, S. C. Amstrup, J. L. Laake, B. F. J. Manly, L. L. McDonald, and D. G. Robertson (editors). Marine mammal survey and assessment methods. Proceedings of the symposium on surveys, status and trends of marine mammal populations, Seattle, Washington, USA, 25-27 February 1998. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

LAIST, D. W., J. M. COE, and K. J. O'HARA.
  1999. Marine debris pollution, p. 342-366. In J. R. Twiss, Jr., and R. R. Reeves (editors), Conservation and management of marine mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

LARSON, D. M., W. R. SUTTON, and J. M. TERRY.
  1999. Toward behavioral modeling of Alaska groundfish fisheries: a discrete choice approach to Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands trawl fisheries. Contemp. Econ. Pol. 17(2):267.

LAUTH, R. R.
  1999. The 1997 Pacific West Coast upper continental slope trawl survey of groundfish resources off Washington, Oregon, and California: Estimates of distribution, abundance, and length composition. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-98, 284 p.  AbstractOnline - main text only. (.pdf, 1.63MB).

LIVINGSTON, P. A., L-L. LOW, and R. J. MARASCO.
  1999. Eastern Bering Sea ecosystem trends, p. 140-162. In K. Sherman and Q. Tang (editors) Large Marine Ecosystems of the Pacific Rim: Assessment, Sustainability, and Management. Blackwell Science, Inc. Malden, MA.

LOUGHLIN, T. R.
  1999. Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, p. 199-200. In D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff (editors), The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

LOUGHLIN, T. R., and K. OHTANI (editors).
  1999. Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, 825 p.

LOUGHLIN, T. R., INGRAHAM, W. J., Jr., N. BABA, and B. W. ROBSON.
  1999. Use of a surface-current model and satellite telemetry to assess marine mammal movements in the Bering Sea, p. 615-630. In T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (editors), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

LOUGHLIN, T. R., E. H. SINCLAIR, P. J. STABENO, and W. G. PEARCY.
  1999. Dynamical processes influencing the distribution and biomass of mesopelagic fishes and cephalopods in the southeastern Bering Sea, p. 18-21. In NOAA's Arctic Research Initiative - the first three years. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA, Arctic Research Office, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD.

LOUGHLIN, T. R., J. E. STEIN, G. YLITALO, and M. A. CASTELLINI.
  1999. Spatial aspects of organochlorine contamination in northern fur seal tissues, p. 63-64 In NOAA's Arctic Research Initiative the - first three years. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA, Arctic Research Office, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD.

LOUGHLIN, T. R., I. N. SUKHANOVA, E. H. SINCLAIR, and R. R. FERRERO.
  1999. Summary of biology and ecosystem dynamics in the Bering Sea, p. 387-407. In T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (editors), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

LOW, L-L., J. N. IANELLI, and S. A. LOWE.
  1999. Alaska groundfish fisheries, p. 201-207. In Our living oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41.

MARLOW, M. S., A. J. STEVENSON, H. CHEZAR, and R. A. McCONNAUGHEY.
  1999. Tidally generated sea-floor lineations in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA. Geo-Mar. Letters (19):219-226.  Online. (.pdf, 728KB).

MATKIN, C., and R. HOBBS.
  1999. Baleen whales, p. 56. In T. A. Okey and D. Pauly (compilers and editors), Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem for the post-spill period 1994-1996. 2nd Edition. Fisheries Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (Fish. Cent. Res. Rep. 7 - 4).

MATKIN, C., and R. HOBBS.
  1999. Orcas, p. 60-61. In T. A. Okey and D. Pauly (compilers and editors), Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem for the post-spill period 1994-1996. 2nd Edition. Fisheries Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (Fish. Cent. Res. Rep. 7 - 4).

MATKIN, C., and R. HOBBS.
  1999. Small cetaceans, p. 61-62. In T. A. Okey and D. Pauly (compilers and editors), Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem for the post-spill period 1994-1996. 2nd Edition. Fisheries Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (Fish. Cent. Res. Rep. 7 - 4).

McELDERRY, H., W. A. KARP, J. TWOMEY, M. MERKLEIN, V. CORNISH, and M. SAUNDERS.
  1999. Proceedings of the First Biennial Canada/U.S. Observer Program Workshop. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-101, 113 p.  Part I Online. (.pdf, 10.49MB).  Part II Online. (.pdf, 4.95MB).

MEARNS, A. J., E. LEVINE, R. YENDER, D. HELTON, and T. LOUGHLIN.
  1999. Protecting fur seals during spill response: lessons from the San Jorge (Uruguay) oil spill, p. 467-470. In Proceedings. 1999 International Oil Spill Conference: Beyond 2000, Balancing Perspectives. March 8-11, 1999, Seattle, Washington. Sponsored by U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, American Petroleum Institute, International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association, and International Maritime Organization.

MELIN, S. R. and R. L. DELONG.
  1999. Observations of a Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus townsendi) female and pup at San Miguel Island, California. Mar. Mammal Sci. 15(3):885-888.

MOLES, A.
  1999. Parasitism, feeding rate, and hydrocarbon uptake of pink shrimp Pandalus borealis fed a crude oil contaminated diet. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 62:259-265.

MOORE, S. E., M. E. DAHLHEIM, K. M. STAFFORD, C. G. FOX, H. W. BRAHAM, M. A. McDONALD, and J. THOMASON.
  1999. Acoustic and visual detection of large whales in the eastern north Pacific Ocean. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-107, 27 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 464KB).

MURPHY, J. M., A. L. J. BRASE, and J. A. ORSI.
  1999. Survey of juvenile Pacific salmon in the northern region of southeastern Alaska, May-October 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-105, 40 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 2.42MB).

MURPHY, M. L., R. A. HEINTZ, J. W. SHORT, M. L. LARSEN, and S. D. RICE.
  1999. Recovery of pink salmon spawning after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 128:909-918.

MURPHY, M. L., and S. W. JOHNSON.
  1999. Distribution of salmon in relation to eelgrass during seaward migration, p. 58-63. In Proceedings of the 19th Northeast Pacific Pink and Chum Salmon Workshop, March 3-5, 1999, Juneau, AK.

NAPP, J. M., K. MIER, and M. K. COHEN.
  1999. Estimation of larval fish prey volume: Mensuration formulae for copepod nauplii. J. Plankton Res. 9:1633-1642.

NATIONAL MARINE MAMMAL LABORATORY.
  1999. Marine mammals of the Alaska region, p. 229-236. In Our living oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41.

PAYNE, S. A., B. A. JOHNSON, and R. S. OTTO.
  1999. Proximate composition of some north-eastern Pacific forage fish species. Fish. Oceanogr. 8:159-177.

PERRY, S. L., D. P. DeMASTER, and G. K. SILBER.
  1999. The great whales: History and status of six species listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act of 1973. Mar. Fish. Rev. 61(1):1-74.  Online. (.htm index page of .pdf files, various sizes)

PERRYMAN, W. L., M. L. DONOHUE, J. L. LAAKE, and T. E. MARTIN.
  1999. Diel variation in migration rates of eastern Pacific gray whales measured with thermal imaging sensors. Mar. Mammal Sci. 15(2):426-445.

PORTER, S. M., and G. H. THEILACKER.
  1999.  The development of the digestive tract and eye in larval walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma. Fish. Bull., U.S. 97:722-729.  Online. (.pdf, 176KB).

QUINN II, T. J., D. HANSELMAN, D. CLAUSEN, C. LUNSFORD, and J. HEIFETZ.
  1999. Adaptive cluster sampling of rockfish populations, p. 11-20. In 1999 Proceedings of the Biometrics Section of the American Statistical Association.

REAM, R. R
., J. D. BAKER, and R. G. TOWELL.
  1999. Bogoslof Island studies, 1997, p. 81-91. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

REEVES, R. R., J. M. BREIWICK, and E. D. MITCHELL.
  1999. History of whaling and estimated kill of right whales, Balaena glacialis, in the northeastern United States, 1620-1924. Mar. Fish. Rev. 61(3):1-36.  Online. (.pdf, 15MB).

RICE, D. W.
  1999. Bryde's whale, Balaenoptera edeni, p. 249-251. In D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff (editors), The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

RICE, D. W.
  1999. Gray whale, Eschrichtius robustus, p. 259-261. In D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff (editors), The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

ROBSON, B. W., R. G. TOWELL, M. KIYOTA, C. M. STEPETIN, G. E. MERCULIEF.
  1999. Northern fur seal entanglement studies: St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1997, p. 33-54. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

ROSE, C. S.
  1999. Injury rates of red king crab, Paralithodes camtschaticus, passing under bottom-trawl footropes. Mar. Fish. Rev. 61(2):72-76.  Online. (.pdf, 465KB).

RUGH, D.
  1999. Inspirational colleague. Whalewatcher 32(1):17.

RUGH, D.
  1999. Bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, p.243-245. In D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff (editors), The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

RUGH, D., and A. SCHULMAN-JANIGER.
  1999. The gray whales great migration. Alaska Geogr. 26(3):38-45.

RUGH, D. J., M. M. MUTO, S. E. MOORE, and D. P. DeMASTER (editors).
  1999. Status review of the eastern North Pacific stock of gray whales. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-103, 96 p.  AbstractView Online. (.pdf, 869KB).

RYER, C. H., and B. L. OLLA.
  1999. Light-induced changes in the prey consumption and behavior of two juvenile planktivorous fish. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 181:41-51.  Online. (.pdf, 1.1MB).

SAEKI, K., M. NAKAJIMA, K. NODA, T. R. LOUGHLIN, N. BABA, M. KIYOTA, R. TATSUKAWA, and D. G. CALKINS.
  1999. Vanadium accumulation in pinnipeds. Arch. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol. 36:81-86.

SCHABETSBERGER, R., R. BRODEUR, T. HONKALEHTO, and K. MIER.
  1999. Sex-specific egg cannibalism in spawning walleye pollock: the role of reproductive behavior. Env. Biol. Fishes 54:175-190.

SEASE, J. L., J. M. STRICK, R. L. MERRICK, and J. P. LEWIS.
  1999. Aerial and land-based surveys of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska, June and July 1996. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-99, 43 p.  AbstractView Online. (.pdf, 1.46MB).

SEASE, J., and T. R. LOUGHLIN.
  1999. Aerial and land-based surveys of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska, June and July 1997 and 1998. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-100, 61 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 16.8MB).

SHELDEN, K. E. W.
  1999. Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus, p.280-282. In D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff (editors), The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

SHORT. J. W., K. A. KVENVOLDEN, P. R. CARLSON, F. D. HOSTETTLER, R. J. ROSENBAUER, and B. A. WRIGHT.
  1999. Natural hydrocarbon background in benthic sediments of Prince William Sound, Alaska: Oil vs. coal. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33:34-42.

SIGLER, M. F.
  1999.  Estimation of sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, abundance off Alaska with an age-structured population model. Fish. Bull., U.S. 97:591-603.  Online. (.pdf, 186KB).

SINCLAIR, E. H., and B. W. ROBSON (editors).
  1999. Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106, 111 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 1.49MB).

SINCLAIR, E. H., and B. W. ROBSON.
  1999. Introduction, p. 1-7. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

SINCLAIR, E. H., A. A. BALANOV, T. KUBODERA, V. I. RADCHENKO, and Y. A. FEDORETS.
  1999. Distribution and ecology of mesopelagic fishes and cephalopods, p. 485-508. In T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (editors), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report No. 99-03, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

SMITH, K. R., and R. A. McCONNAUGHEY.
  1999. Surficial sediments of the eastern Bering Sea continental shelf: EBSSED database documentation. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-104, 41 p.  AbstractOnline. (.pdf, 3.56MB).

SOMERTON, D. A., and R. S. OTTO.
  1999. Net efficiency of a survey trawl for snow crab, Chionoecetes oplilio, and Tanner crab, C. bairdi.  Fish. Bull., U.S. 97:617-625.  Online. (.pdf, 140KB).

SOMERTON, D., J. IANELLI, S. WALSH, S. SMITH, O.R. GODØ, and D. RAMM.
  1999. Incorporating experimentally derived estimates of survey trawl efficiency into the stock assessment process: a discussion. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:299-302.

STONE, R. P.
  1999. Mass molting of Tanner crabs Chionoecetes bairdi in a Southeast Alaska estuary. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 6:19-28.  Online. (.pdf, 122 KB)

SWARTZMAN, G., R. BRODEUR, J. NAPP, G. HUNT, D. DEMER, and R. HEWITT.
  1999. Spatial proximity of age-0 walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) to zooplankton near the Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea, Alaska, ICES J. Mar. Sci., 56:545-560.

SWARTZMAN, G., R. BRODEUR, J. NAPP, D. WALSH, R. HEWITT, D. DEMER, G. HUNT, and E. LOGERWELL.
  1999. Relating spatial distributions of acoustically determined patches of fish and plankton: Data viewing, image analysis, and spatial proximity. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56 (Suppl. 1):188-198.

THOMAS, R. E., C. C. BRODERSEN, M. M. BABCOCK, M. G. CARLS, and S. D. RICE.
  1999. Lack of physiological responses to hydrocarbon accumulation by Mytilus trossulus after three to four year chronic exposure to spilled Exxon Valdez crude oil in Prince William Sound. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 122C (1):153-163.

THOMAS, R. E., P. HARRIS, and S. D. RICE.
  1999. Survival in air of Mytilus trossulus following longterm chronic exposure to spilled Exxon Valdez crude oil in Prince William Sound. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 122C (1):147-152.

TOWELL, R. G., and A. E. YORK.
  1999. Can we estimate northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) pup production and numbers of adult males in July from counts of adult male northern fur seals in June?, p. 55-72. In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

TOWELL, R. G., A. E. YORK, J. D. BAKER, and R. R. REAM.
  1999. Mass, length, and sex ratios of northern fur seal pups on St. Paul and St. George Islands, 1997, p. 17-32 In E. H. Sinclair and B. W. Robson (editors), Fur seal investigations, 1997. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-106.

TRAYNOR, J. J.
  1999. Principles of acoustic fish resource surveys. Bull. JPN. Soc. Fish. Oceangr. 63:26-33. (In Japanese).

TRITES, A. W., P. A. LIVINGSTON, M. C. VASCONCELLOS, S. MACKINSON, A. M. SPRINGER, and D. PAULY.
  1999. Ecosystem considerations and the limitations of ecosystem models in fisheries management: Insights from the Bering Sea, p. 609-619. In Ecosystem Approaches for Fishery Management. Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report 99-01, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.

TYNAN, C. T.
  1999. Redistributions of cetaceans in the southeast Bering Sea relative to anomalous oceanographic conditions during the 1997 El Niņo, p. 115-117. In H. J. Freeland, W. T. Peterson, and A. Tyler (co-convenors), Proceedings of the 1998 Science Board Symposium on the impacts of the 1997/98 El Niņo event on the North Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas. North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), (PICES Sci. Rep. No. 10). Sidney, B.C. , Canada.

WADE, P. R.
  1999. A comparison of statistical methods for fitting population models to data, p. 249-270. In G. W. Garner, S. C. Amstrup, J. L. Laake, B. F. J. Manly, L. L. McDonald, and D. G. Robertson (editors). Marine mammal survey and assessment methods. Proceedings of the symposium on surveys, status and trends of marine mammal populations, Seattle, Washington, USA, 25-27 February 1998. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

WADE, P. R.
  1999. Determining the optimum interval for abundance surveys, p. 53-66. In G. W. Garner, S. C. Amstrup, J. L. Laake, B. F. J. Manly, L. L. McDonald, and D. G. Robertson (editors). Marine mammal survey and assessment methods. Proceedings of the symposium on surveys, status and trends of marine mammal populations, Seattle, Washington, USA, 25-27 February 1998. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

WAITE, J. M., M. E. DAHLHEIM, R. C. HOBBS, and S. A. MIZROCH.
  1999. Evidence of a feeding aggregation of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) around Kodiak Island, Alaska. Mar. Mammal Sci. 15(1):210-220.

WALKER, W. A., and M. B. HANSON.
  1999. Biological observations on Stejneger's beaked whale, Mesoplodon stejnegeri, from strandings on Adak Island, Alaska. Mar. Mammal Sci. 15(4):1314-1329.

WEINBERG, K. L., and P. T. MUNRO.
  1999. The effect of artificial light on escapement beneath a survey trawl. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:266-274.

YANG, M-S.
  1999. The trophic role of Atka mackerel, Pleurogrammus monopterygius, in the Aleutian Islands area. Fish. Bull., U. S. 97:1047-1057.  Online. (.pdf, 196KB).

YANG, M-S., and B. N. PAGE.
  1999. Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska. Fish. Bull., U.S. 97:406-409.  Online. (.pdf, 170KB).


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