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ALVAREZ-FLOREZ, C. M., and M. P. HEIDE-JØRGENSEN.
  2004. A risk assessment of the stability of the harvest of beluga (Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas 1776)) in West Greenland.  ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:274-286.

ANGLISS, R. P., and K. L. LODGE.
  2004. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2003. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-144, 230 p.  Online. (.pdf, 5.73MB).

ASAHIDA, T., A. K. GRAY, and A. J. GHARRETT.
  2004. Use of microsatellite locus flanking regions for phylogenetic analysis? A preliminary study of Sebastes subgenera. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:461-470.

AYDIN, K. Y.
  2004. Age structure of functional response? Reconciling the energetics of surplus production between single-species models and ECOSIM. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 26:289-301.

BAILEY, K. M., A. B. HOLLOWED, and W. S. WOOSTER.
  2004. Complexity in marine fisheries dynamics and climate interactions in the northeast Pacific Ocean, p. 147-152. In N. C. Stenseth,  G. Ottersen, J. W. Hurrel, and A. Belgrano. (editors), Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation. Oxford Univ. Press.

BARRON, M. G., R. HEINTZ, and S. D. RICE.
  2004. Relative potency of PAHs and heterocycles as aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists in fish. Mar. Environ. Res. 58:95-100.

BARRON, M. G., M. G. CARLS, R. A. HEINTZ, and S. D. RICE.
  2004. Evaluation of fish early life-stage toxicity models of chronic embryonic exposures to complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures. Toxicol. Sci. 78:60-67.

BENGTSON, J. L., and M. F. CAMERON.
  2004. Seasonal haulout patterns of crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophaga).  Polar Biol. 27(6):344-349.

BUCKEL, J. A., and A. W. STONER.
  2004. Negative effects of increasing group size on foraging in two piscivorous predators. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 307:183-196.

BUCKLAND, S. T., D. R. ANDERSON, K. P. BURNHAM, J. L. LAAKE, D. L. BORCHERS, and L. THOMAS.
  2004. Advanced Distance Sampling. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 416 p.

CAMERON, M. F., and D. B. SINIFF.
  2004. Age specific survival, abundance, and immigration rates of a Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) population in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Can. J. Zool. 82:601-615.

CANINO, M. F., and P. BENTZEN.
  2004. Evidence for positive selection at the pantophysin (Pan I) locus in walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma. Mol. Biol. Evol. 21:1391-1400.

CARLS, M. G., P. M. HARRIS, and S. D. RICE.
  2004. Restoration of oiled mussel beds in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Mar. Environ. Res. 57:359-376.

CARLS, M. G., L. G. HOLLAND, J. W. SHORT, R. A. HEINTZ, and S. D. RICE.
  2004. Monitoring polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in aqueous environments with passive low-density polyethylene membrane devices. Environ. Toxicol. Chemist. 23(6):1416-1424.

CARLS, M. G., S. D. RICE, G. D. MARTY, and D. K. NAYDAN.
  2004. Pink salmon spawning habitat is recovering a decade after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 133:834-844.

CARLS, M. G., J. F. THEDINGA, and R. E. THOMAS.
  2004. Observer classification of live, mechanically damaged, and dead pink salmon eggs. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 133:245-251.

CARRETTA, J., K. A. FORNEY, M. M. MUTO, J. BARLOW, J. BAKER, and M. S. LOWRY.
  2004. U.S. Pacific marine mammal stock assessments: 2003. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-SWFSC-358, 291 p.  Online (.pdf, 4.37MB).

CIANNELLI, L., R. D. BRODEUR, and J. M. NAPP.
  2004. Foraging impact on zooplankton by age-0 walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) around a front in the southeast Bering Sea. Mar. Biol. 144:515-526.

CIANNELLI, L., B. W. ROBSON, R. C. FRANCIS, K. AYDIN, and R. D. BRODEUR.
  2004. Boundaries of open marine ecosystems: an application to the Pribilof Archipelago, southeast Bering Sea.  Ecol. Appl. 14(3):942-953.

CIANNELLI, L., K. S. CHAN, K. M. BAILEY, and N. C. STENSETH.
  2004. Non-additive effects of environmental variables on the survival of a large marine fish population. Ecology 85:3418-3427.

CLARK, L. M. J., C. W. KHAN, P. AKHTAR, P. V. HODSON, K. LEE, Z. WANG, and J. SHORT.
  2004. Comparative toxicity of four crude oils to the early life stages of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), p. 785-792. In Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

DALTON, M., and S. RALSTON.
  2004. The California rockfish conservation area and groundfish trawlers at Moss Landing Harbor. Mar. Res. Econ. 19:67-83.

DAVIS, M. W., and S. J. PARKER.
  2004. Fish size and exposure to air: Potential effects on behavioral impairment and mortality rates in discarded sablefish.  North Am. J. Fish. Manage. 24:518-524.

DAWSON, S., E. SLOOTEN, S. DUFRESNE, P. WADE, and D. CLEMENT.
  2004. Small-boat surveys for coastal dolphins: line-transect surveys for Hector's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus hectori). Fish. Bull., U.S. 102(3):441-451.  Online (.pdf, 366KB).

DeMASTER, D. (chair), R. ANGLISS, J. COCHRANE, P. MACE, R. MERRICK, M. MILLER, S. RUMSEY, B. TAYLOR, G. THOMPSON, and R. WAPLES.
  2004. Recommendations to NOAA Fisheries: ESA Listing Criteria by the Quantitative Working Group, 10 June 2004. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-67, 85 p.  Online. (.pdf, 756KB).

DIEFENBACH, D. R., and J. L. LAAKE.
  2004. Spatio-temporal and demographic variation in the harvest of black bears: Implications for population estimation. J. Wildl. Manage. 68:947-959.

EILER, J. H., T. R. SPENCER, J. J. PELLA, M. M. MASUDA, and R. R. HOLDER.
  2004. Distribution and movement patterns of chinook salmon returning to the Yukon River basin in 2000-2002.  U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-148, 99 p.  Online. (.pdf, 1.74MB).

ETNIER, M. A.
  2004. Reevaluating evidence of density dependent growth in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) based on measurements of archived skeletal specimens. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 61:1616-1626.

ETNIER, M. A.
  2004. The potential of zooarchaeological data to guide pinniped management decisions in the eastern North Pacific, p. 88-102. In R. L. Lyman and K. P. Cannon (editors), Zooarchaeology and conservation biology. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

FELTHOVEN, R.
  2004. Methods for estimating fishing capacity with routinely collected data: a comparison. Rev. Int. Fish. Law Policy 1:125-137.

FELTHOVEN, R. G., T. HIATT, and J. M. TERRY.
  2004. Measuring fishing capacity and utilization with commonly available data: an application to Alaskan fisheries. Mar. Fish. Rev. 64(4):29-39.  Online. (.pdf, 518 KB).

FELTHOVEN, R. G., and C. J. MORRISON PAUL.
  2004. Directions for productivity measurement in fisheries. Marine Policy 28 (2004):161-169.

FELTHOVEN, R. G., and C. MORRISON PAUL.
  2004. Multi-output, nonfrontier measures of capacity and capacity utilization. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 86(3):619-633.

FITZGERALD, J. R., S. R. THORROLD, K. M. BAILEY, A. L. BROWN, and K. P. SEVERIN.
  2004. Elemental signatures in otoliths of larval walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from the northeast Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:604–616.  Online. (.pdf, 370KB).

FOWLER, C. W., and R. J. M. CRAWFORD.
  2004. Systemic management of fisheries in space and time: tradeoffs, complexity, ecosystems, sustainability. Biosphere Conservation 6(1):25-42.

FOWLER, C. W., and T. D. SMITH.
  2004. Dynamics of Large Mammal Populations. Reprint of 1981 edition with new preface, contributors update, and errata. Blackburn Press, Caldwell, NJ., 477 p.

FOWLER, C. W., and L. HOBBS.
  2004. Is Humanity Sustainable? p. 450-462. In M. S. Marx (editor), Human Dilemmas. Copley, Acton, Massachusetts.

GAO, Y., S. H. JONER, R. A. SVEC, and K. L. WEINBERG.
  2004. Stable isotopic comparison in otoliths of juvenile sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) from waters off the Washington and Oregon coast. Fish. Res. 68:351-360.

GENDE, S. M., T. P. QUINN, M. F. WILLSON, R. HEINTZ, and T. M. SCOTT.
  2004. Magnitude and fate of salmon derived nutrients and energy in a coastal stream ecosystem. J. Freshwat. Ecol. 19:149-160.

GILK, S. E., I. A. WANG, C. L. HOOVER, W. W. SMOKER, S. G. TAYLOR, A. K. GRAY, and A. J. GHARRETT.
  2004. Outbreeding depression in hybrids between spatially separated pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, populations: Marine survival, homing ability, and variability in family size.  Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:287-297.

GUTHRIE, C. M. III, and R. L. WILMOT.
  2004. Genetic structure of wild chinook salmon populations of southeast Alaska and northern British Columbia. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:81-93.

HALL, J. D., C. J. CEDERHOLM, M. L. MURPHY, and K V. KOSKI.
  2004. Chapter 17. Fish-forestry interactions in Oregon, Washington and Alaska, USA, p. 365-388. In T. G. Northcote and G. F. Hartman (editors), Fishes and Forestry -- worldwide watershed interactions and management. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

HANSELMAN, D. H., and T. J. QUINN II.
  2004. Sampling rockfish populations: Adaptive sampling and hydroacoustics, p. 271-296. In W. L. Thompson (editor), Sampling Rare or Elusive Species. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

HASTINGS, K. K., K. J. FROST, M. A. SIMPKINS, G. W. PENDLETON, U. G. SWAIN, and R. J. SMALL.
  2004. Regional differences in diving behavior of harbor seals in the Gulf of Alaska.  Can. J. Zool. 82:1755-1773.

HEIDE-JØRGENSEN, M. P.
  2004. Aerial digital photographic surveys of narwhals, Monodon monoceros, in northwest Greenland. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20:246-261.

HEINTZ, R. A., B. D. NELSON, J. HUDSON, M. LARSEN, and L. HOLLAND.
  2004. Marine subsidies in freshwater: Effects of salmon carcasses on lipid class and fatty acid composition of juvenile coho salmon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 133:559-567.

HOBBS, L., and C. W. FOWLER.
  2004. Complexity of Factors Involved in Human Population Growth. Environ. Health Perspect. 112(13):A726-A727.

HOBBS, R. C., D. J. RUGH, J. M. WAITE, J. M. BREIWICK, and D. P. DeMASTER.
  2004. Abundance of eastern North Pacific gray whales on the 1995/96 southbound migration. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 6:115-120.

HOBSON, K. A., E. H. SINCLAIR, A. E. YORK, J. R. THOMASON, and R. L. MERRICK.
  2004. Retrospective isotopic analyses of Steller sea lion tooth annuli and sea-bird feathers: a cross-taxa approach to investigating regime and dietary shifts in the Gulf of Alaska. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20(3):621-638.

HURST, T. P.
  2004. Temperature and state-dependence of feeding and gastric evacuation in juvenile Pacific halibut. J. Fish Biol. 65:157-169.

HURST, T. P., K. A. McKOWN, and D. O. CONOVER.
  2004. Interannual and long term variation in the nearshore fish community of the mesohaline Hudson River estuary. Estuaries 27:659-669.

ITO, S-I., M. J. KISHI, Y. KURITA, Y. OOZEKI, Y. YAMANAKA, B. A. MEGREY, and F. E. WERNER.
  2004. Initial design for a fish bioenergetics model of Pacific saury coupled to a lower trophic ecosystem model. Fish. Oceanogr. 13 (Suppl. 1):111-124.

JOYCE, J. E., A. C. WERTHEIMER, A. GRAY, and F. THROWER.
  2004. Comparison of maturation timing, egg size and fecundity between hatchery lines of chinook salmon and their wild donor stocks. (Abstract). J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl. A):319.

JURADO-MOLINA, J., P. A. LIVINGSTON, and V. F. GALLUCI.
  2004. Sensitivity analysis of the multispecies virtual population analysis model parameterized for a system of trophically-linked species from the eastern Bering Sea. Ciencias Marinas 30:285-296.

KEITH, D. A., M. A. McCARTHY, H. REGAN, T. REGAN, C. BOWLES, C. DRILL, C. CRAIG, B. PELLOW, M. A. BURGMAN, L. L. MASTER, M. RUCKELSHAUS, B. MACKENZIE, S. J. ANDELMAN, and P. R. WADE.
  2004. Protocols for listing threatened species can forecast extinction. Ecol. Letters 7:1101-1108.

KRAHN, M. M., D. P. HERMAN, G. M. YLITALO, C. A. SLOAN, D. G. BURROWS, R. C. HOBBS, B. A. MAHONEY, G. K. YANAGIDA, J. CALAMBOKIDIS, and S. E. MOORE.
  2004. Stratification of lipids, fatty acids and organochlorine contaminants in blubber of white whales and killer whales. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 6:175-189.

KRAHN, M. M., J. FORD, W. F. PERRIN, P. R. WADE, R. P.  ANGLISS, M. B. HANSON, B. L. TAYLOR, G. M. YLITALO, M. E. DAHLHEIM, J. E. STEIN, and R. S. WAPLES.
  2004. 2004 Status review of Southern Resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) under the Endangered Species Act. U.S. Dept. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NWFSC-62, 73 p.  Online. (.pdf, 2.9MB).

LAIDRE, K. L., M. P. HEIDE-JØRGENSEN, O. A. JØRGENSEN, and M. A. TREBLE.
  2004. Deep-ocean predation by a high Arctic cetacean.  ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:430-440.

LAIDRE, K. L., M. P. HEIDE-JØRGENSEN, M. L. LOGDSON, R. C. HOBBS, P. HEAGERTY, R. DIETZ, O. A. JØRGENSEN, and M. A. TREBLE.
  2004. Seasonal narwhal habitat associations in the high Arctic. Mar. Biol. 145:821-831.

LAIDRE, K. L., M. P. HEIDE-JØRGENSEN, M. L. LOGSDON, R. C. HOBBS, R. DIETZ, and G. R. VanBLARICOM.
  2004. Fractal analysis of narwhal space use patterns. Zoology 107:3-11.

LAUTH, R. R., J. IANELLI, and W. W. WAKEFIELD.
  2004. Estimating the size selectivity and catching efficiency of a survey bottom trawl for thornyheads, Sebastolobus spp. using a towed video camera sled. Fish. Res. 70:27-37.

LAUTH, R. R., W. W. WAKEFIELD, and K. SMITH.
  2004. Estimating the density of thornyheads, Sebastolobus spp., using a towed video camera sled. Fish. Res. 70:39-48.

LAWSON, P., E. A. LOGERWELL, N. MANTUA, R. C. FRANCIS, and V. N. AGOSTINI.
  2004. Environmental factors influencing freshwater survival and smolt production in Pacific Northwest coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 61:360-373.

LOGERWELL, E. A., and C. D. WILSON.
  2004. Species discrimination of fish using frequency-dependent acoustic backscatter. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61(6):1004-1013.

MACKLIN, S. A., and B. A. MEGREY.
  2004. The North Pacific Ecosystem Metadatabase. PICES Press, Vol. 12, No. 2, p. 32-35.

MALONEY, N. E.
  2004. Sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, populations on Gulf of Alaska seamounts. Mar. Fish. Rev. 66(3):1-12.  Online. (.pdf, 1.24MB).

MANISCALCO, J. M., K. WYNNE, K. W. PITCHER, M. B. HANSON, S. R. MELIN, and S. N. ATKINSON.
  2004. The occurrence of California sea lions in Alaska. Aquat. Mammals 30:427-433.

MATALA, A. P., A. K. GRAY, A. J. GHARRETT, and M. S. LOVE.
  2004. Microsatellite variation indicates population genetic structure of bocaccio. North Am. J. Fish. Manage. 24:1189-1202.

MATALA, A. P., A. K. GRAY, J. HEIFETZ, and A. J. GHARRETT.
  2004. Population structure of Alaska shortraker rockfish, Sebastes borealis, inferred from microsatellite variation. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:201-210.

MATSUOKA, M. P., A. J. GHARRETT, R. L. WILMOT, and W. W. SMOKER.
  2004. Gene-centromere distances of allozyme loci in even- and odd-year pink salmon, (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Genetica 121:1-11.

MATSUOKA, M. P., A. J. GHARRETT, R. L. WILMOT, and W. W. SMOKER.
  2004. Genetic linkage mapping of allozyme loci in even- and odd-year pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). J. Heredity 95(5):421-429.

McELDERRY, H., J. SCHRADER, D. McCULLOUGH, J. ILLINGWORTH, S. FITZGERALD, and S. DAVIS.
  2004. Electronic monitoring of seabird interactions with trawl third-wire cables on trawl vessels - a pilot study, U.S. Dep Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-147, 39 p.  Online. (.pdf, 1.06MB).

MELLINGER, D. K., K. M. STAFFORD, and C. G. FOX.
  2004. Seasonal occurrence of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) sounds in the Gulf of Alaska, 1999-2001. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20(1):48-62.

MELLINGER, D. K., K. M. STAFFORD, S. E. MOORE, L. MUNGER, and C. G. FOX.
  2004. Detection of North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica) calls in the Gulf of Alaska, 1999-2001. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20(4):872-879.

MERRICK, R. (chair), L. ALLEN, R. ANGLISS, G. ANTONELIS, T. EAGLE, S. EPPERLY, L. JONES, S. REILLY, B. SCHROEDER, and S. SWARTZ.
  2004. A Requirements Plan for Improving the Understanding of the Status of U.S. Protected Marine Species: Report of the NOAA Fisheries National Task Force for Improving Marine Mammal and Turtle Stock Assessments. Seattle, WA. U.S. Dep. Commer. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS F/SPO-63, 112 p.  Online. (.pdf, 6.32MB).

MITANI, Y., Y. WATANABE, K. SATO, M. F. CAMERON, and Y. NAITO.
  2004. 3D diving behavior of Weddell seals with respect to prey accessibility and abundance. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 281:275-281.  Online. (.pdf, 720KB).

MIZROCH, S. A., L. M. HERMAN, J. M. STRALEY, D. A. GLOCKNER-FERRARI, C. JURASZ, J. DARLING, S. CERCHIO, C. M. GABRIELE, D. R. SALDEN, and O. von ZIEGESAR.
  2004. Estimating the adult survival rate of central North Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). J. Mammal. 85:963-972.

MOLES, A.
  2004. Parasites of juvenile yellowfin sole and rock sole in southeast Alaska. Northwest Sci. 78(4):339-343.

MORTENSEN, D. G., A. C. WERTHEIMER, and S. G. TAYLOR.
  2004. A compact water heating system for thermally marking salmon otoliths. North Am. J. Aquac. 66:85-90.

NIEUKIRK, S. L., K. M. STAFFORD, D. K. MELLINGER, and C. G. FOX.
  2004. Low-frequency whale sounds recorded from the mid-Atlantic Ocean. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 115(4):1832-1843.

NORMAN, S. A., C. E. BOWLBY, M. S. BRANCATO, J. CALAMBOKIDIS, D. DUFFIELD, P. J. GEARIN, T. A. GORNALL, M. E. GOSHO, B. HANSON, J. HODDER, S. J. JEFFRIES, B. LAGERQUIST, D. M. LAMBOURN, B. MATE, B. NORBERG, R. W. OSBOURNE, J. A. RASH, S. REIMER, and J. SCORDINO.
  2004. Cetacean strandings in Oregon and Washington between 1930 and 2002. J. Cetacean Res Manage. 6:87-99.

NORMAN, S. A., R. C. HOBBS, J. FOSTER, J. P. SCHROEDER, and F. I. TOWNSEND.
  2004. A review of animal and human health concerns during capture-release, handling and tagging of odontocetes. J. Cetacean Res Manage. 6:53-62.

O'REILLY, P. T., M. F. CANINO, K. M. BAILEY, and P. BENTZEN.
  2004. Inverse relationship between FST and microsatellite polymorphism in the marine fish, walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma): Implications for resolving weak population structure. Mol. Ecol. 13:1799-1814.

ORENSANZ, J., B. ERNST, D. A. ARMSTRONG, P. STABENO, and P. LIVINGSTON.
  2004. Contraction of the geographic range of distribution of snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) in the eastern Bering Sea: an environmental ratchet? Calif. Coop. Oceanic Fish. Invest. Rep. 45:65-79.

ORR, A. J., A. S. BANKS, S. HELLMAN, H. R. HUBER, and R. L. DELONG.
  2004. Examination of the foraging habits of Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) to describe their use of the Umpqua River, Oregon, and their predation on salmonids. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:108-117.  Online. (.pdf, 134KB).

ORR, J. W.
  2004. Lopholiparis flerxi: a new genus and species of snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Copeia 2004(3):551-555.

ORR, J. W., and J. E. BLACKBURN.
  2004. The dusky rockfishes (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes) of the North Pacific Ocean: resurrection of Sebastes variabilis (Pallas, 1814) and a redescription of Sebastes ciliatus (Tilesius, 1813). Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:328-348.  Online. (.pdf, 569KB).

ORSI, J. A., A. C. WERTHEIMER, M. V. STURDEVANT, E. A. FERGUSSON, D. G. MORTENSEN, and B. L. WING.
  2004. Juvenile chum salmon consumption of zooplankton in marine waters of southeastern Alaska: a bioenergetics approach to implications of hatchery stock interactions. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 14(3):335–359.

PARK, W., M. STURDEVANT, J. ORSI, A. WERTHEIMER, E. FERGUSSON, W. HEARD, and T. SHIRLEY.
  2004. Interannual abundance patterns of copepods during an ENSO event in Icy Strait, southeastern Alaska. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:464-477.

PEARSON, D. E., and F. R. SHAW.
  2004. Sources of age determination errors for sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria). Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:127-141.  Online. (.pdf, 283KB).

PIKITCH, E. K., C. SANTORA, E. A. BABCOCK, A. BAKUM, R. BONFIL, D. O. CONOVER, P. DAYTON, P. DOUKAKIS, D. FLUHARTY, B. HENEMAN, E. D. HOUDE, J. LINK, P. A. LIVINGSTON, M. MANGEL, M. K. McALLISTER, J. POPE, and K. J. SAINSBURY.
  2004. Ecosystem-based fishery management. Science 305:346-347.

PITMAN, R. L., W. A. WALKER, W. T. EVERETT, and J. P. GALLO-REYNOSO.
  2004. Population status, foods and foraging of Laysan albatrosses Phoebastria immutabilis nesting on Guadalupe Island, Mexico. Mar. Ornithol. 32(2):159-165.

PURCELL, G. M., H. HUBER, and L. PARK.
  2004. Molecular methods for the genetic identification of salmonid prey from Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) scat. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:213-220.  Online. (.pdf, 207KB).

RAUM-SURYAN, K. L., M. J. RHBERG, G. W. PENDLETON, K. W. PITCHER, and T. S. GELATT.
  2004. Development of dispersal, movement patterns, and haul-out use by pup and juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20(4):823-850.

ROBSON, B. W., M. E. GOEBEL, J. D. BAKER, R. R. REAM, T. R. LOUGHLIN, R. C. FRANCIS, G. A. ANTONELIS, and D. P. COSTA.
  2004. Separation of foraging habitat among breeding sites of a colonial marine predator, the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus). Can. J. Zool. 82:20-29.

ROOPER, C. N., D. R. GUNDERSON, and D. A. ARMSTRONG.
  2004. Application of the concentration hypothesis to English sole in nursery estuaries and potential contribution to coastal fisheries. Estuaries 27:102-111.

RUGH, D. J., B. A. MAHONEY, and B. K. SMITH.
  2004. Aerial surveys of beluga whales in Cook Inlet, Alaska, between June 2001 and June 2002, U.S. Dep Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-145, 26 p.  Online. (.pdf, 579KB).

RUGH, D., K. SHELDEN, and A. SCHULMAN-JANIGER.
  2004. Timing of the gray whale southbound migration. Upwellings 10(1):1,7-9.

RYER, C. H.
  2004. Comparison of genetically based antipredator behaviour in hatchery and wild coho fry from a coastal Oregon river: Interpreting a negative result. J. Fish Biol. 64:1413-1418.

RYER, C. H.
  2004. Laboratory evidence for behavioural impairment of fish escaping trawls: a review. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:1157-1164.

RYER, C. H., M. L. OTTMAR, and E. A. STURM.
  2004. Behavioral impairment after escape from trawl codends may not be limited to fragile fish species. Fish. Res. 66:261-269.

RYER, C. H., A. W. STONER, and R. H. TITGEN.
  2004. Behavioral mechanisms underlying the refuge value of benthic habitat structure for two flatfishes with differing anti-predator strategies. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 268:231-243.  Online. (.pdf, 406KB).

SATO, S., H. KOJIMA, J. ANDO, H. ANDO, R. L. WILMOT, L. W. SEEB, V. EFREMOV, L. LeCLAIR, W. BUCHHOLZ, D.-H. JIN, S. URUWA, M. KAERIYAMA, A. URANO, and S. ABE.
  2004. Genetic population structure of chum salmon in the Pacific Rim inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence variation. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:37-50.

SEEB, L. W., P. A. CRANE, C. M. KONDZELA, R. L. WILMOT, S. URAWA, N. V. VARNAVSKAYA, and J. E. SEEB.
  2004. Migration of Pacific Rim chum salmon on the high seas: Insights from genetic data. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:21-36.

SHELDEN, K. E. W., and D. P. DeMASTER.
  2004. Guidelines for developing status-determining criteria. Endangered Species Update 21:119-123.

SHELDEN, K. E. W., D. J. RUGH, and A. SCHULMAN-JANIGER.
  2004. Gray whales born north of Mexico: Indicator of recovery or consequence of regime shift. Ecol. Appl. 14:1789-1805.

SHORT, J. W., M. R. LINDEBERG, P. M. HARRIS, J. M. MASELKO, J. J. PELLA, and S. D. RICE.
  2004. Estimate of oil persisting on beaches of Prince William Sound, 12 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38(1):19-25.

SHOTWELL, S. K., and M. D. ADKISON.
  2004. Estimating indices of abundance and escapement of Pacific salmon for data-limited situations. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 133(3):538-558.

SIGLER, M. F., J. N. WOMBLE, and J. J. VOLLENWEIDER.
  2004. Availability to Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) of a seasonal prey resource: a prespawning aggregation of eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 61:1475-1484.

ŠIROVĆ, A., J. A. HILDEBRAND, S. M. WIGGINS, M. A. McDONALD, S. E. MOORE, and D. THIELE.
  2004. Seasonality of blue and fin whale calls and the influence of sea ice in the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Deep-Sea Res. II 51:2327-2344.

SMITH, K. R., D. A. SOMERTON, and D. G. NICHOL.
  2004. Distribution and biology of prowfish (Zaprora silenus) in the northeast Pacific. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:168-178.  Online. (.pdf, 344KB).

SOGARD, S. M., and M. L. SPENCER.
  2004. Energy allocation in juvenile sablefish: Effects of temperature, ration, and body size. J. Fish Biol. 64:726-738.

SOMERTON, D. A.
  2004. Do Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) and walleye pollock (Theregra chalcogramma) [sic] lack a herding response to the doors, bridles, and mudclouds of survey trawls? ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:1186-1189.

STAFFORD, K. M., D. R. BOHNENSTIEHL, M. TOLSTOY, E. CHAPP, D. K. MELLINGER, and S. E. MOORE.
  2004. Antarctic-type blue whale calls recorded at low latitudes in the Indian and eastern Pacific Oceans. Deep-Sea Res. I  51:1337-1346.

STARK, J. W.
  2004. A comparison of the maturation and growth of female flathead sole in the central Gulf of Alaska and south-eastern Bering Sea. J. Fish Biol. 64:876-889.

STAUFFER, G. (compiler).
  2004. NOAA protocols for groundfish bottom trawl surveys of the nation's fishery resources. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-65, 205 p.  Online. (.pdf, 5.63MB).

STERLING, J. T., and R. R. REAM.
  2004. At-sea behavior of juvenile male northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus). Can. J. Zool. 82:1621-1637.

STEVENS, B. G., J. E. MUNK, and P. E. CUMMISKEY.
  2004. Utilization of log piling structures as artificial habitats for red king crabs, Paralithodes camtschaticus. J. Shellfish Res. 23:221-226.

STEVENSON, D. E.
  2004. Identification of skates, sculpins, and smelts by observers in North Pacific groundfish fisheries (2002-2003).  U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-142, 67 p.  Online. (.pdf, 4.0MB).

STEVENSON, D. E., J. W. ORR, G. R. HOFF, and J. D. McEACHRAN.
  2004. Bathyraja mariposa: a new species of skate (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) from the Aleutian Islands. Copeia 2004(2):305-314.

STONER, A. W.
  2004. Effects of environmental variables on fish feeding ecology: Implications for the performance of baited fishing gear and stock assessment. J. Fish Biol. 65:1445-1471.

STONER, A. W., and M. L. OTTMAR.
  2004. Fish density and size alter Pacific halibut feeding: implications for stock assessment. J. Fish Biol. 64:1712-1724.

STONER, A. W., and E. A. STURM.
  2004. Temperature and hunger mediate sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) feeding motivation: implications for stock assessment. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 61:238-246.

TAGGART, S. J., C. E. O’CLAIR, T. C. SHIRLEY, and J. MONDRAGON.
  2004. Estimating Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) abundance: Crab pots and dive transects compared. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:488-497.  Online. (.pdf, 820KB).

TAGGART, S. J., T. C. SHIRLEY, C. E. O'CLAIR, and J. MONDRAGON.
  2004. Dramatic increases in the relative abundance of large male Dungeness crabs, Cancer magister, following closure of commercial fishing in Glacier Bay, Alaska, p. 243-253. In J. B. Shipley (editor), Aquatic Protected Areas as Fisheries Management Tools. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 42.

TESTA, J. W.
  2004. Population dynamics and life history trade-offs of moose (Alces alces) in south-central Alaska. Ecology 85(5):1439-1452.

THIELE, D., E. T. CHESTER, S. E. MOORE, A. ŠIROVĆ, J. A. HILDEBRAND, and A. S. FRIEDLAENDER.
  2004. Seasonal variability in whale encounters in the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Deep-Sea Res. II 51:2311-2325.

THROWER, F. P., and J. E. JOYCE.
  2004. Effects of 70 years of freshwater residency on survival, growth, early maturation, and smolting in a stock of anadromous rainbow trout from Southeast Alaska. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 44:485-496.

THROWER, F. P., J. J. HARD, and J. E. JOYCE.
  2004. Genetic architecture of growth and early life history transitions in anadromous and derived freshwater populations of steelhead. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl. A):286-307.

THROWER, F., C. GUTHRIE III, J. NIELSEN, and J. JOYCE.
  2004. A comparison of genetic variation between an anadromous steelhead, Oncorhynchus mykiss, population and seven derived populations sequestered in freshwater for 70 years. Environ. Biol. Fishes 69:111-125.

TOLLIT, D. J., S. G. HEASLIP, T. K. ZEPPELIN, R. JOY, K. A. CALL, and A. W. TRITES.
  2004. A method to improve size estimates of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) and Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) consumed by pinnipeds: Digestion correction factors applied to bones and otoliths recovered in scats. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:498-508.  Online. (.pdf, 312KB).

von SZALAY, P. G.
  2004. The effect of improved footrope contact measurements on trawl area swept estimates. Fish. Res. 69:389-398.

WEINBERG, K. L., R. S. OTTO, and D. A. SOMERTON.
  2004. Capture probability of a survey trawl for red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus). Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:740–749.  Online. (.pdf, 534KB).

WERTHEIMER, A. C., W. R. HEARD, and W. W. SMOKER.
  2004. Effects of hatchery releases and environmental variation on wild stock productivity: Consequences for sea ranching of pink salmon in Prince William Sound, Alaska, p. 307-326. In K. M. Leber, S. Kitada, T. Svåsand and H. L. Blankenship (editors), Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching 2nd ed. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford.

WERTHEIMER, A. C., W. W. SMOKER, J. MASELKO, and W. R. HEARD.
  2004. Does size matter: environmental variability, adult size, and survival of wild and hatchery pink salmon in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 14(3):321-334.

WIGGINS, S. M., M. A. McDONALD, L. A. MUNGER, S. E. MOORE, and J. A. HILDEBRAND.
  2004. Waveguide propagation allows range estimates for North Pacific right whales in the Bering Sea. Can. Acoustics 32(2):146-154.

WING, B. L., and D. R. BARNARD.
  2004. A field guide to Alaskan corals, U.S. Dep Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-146, 67 p.  Online. (.pdf 2.6MB).

YANG, M-S.
  2004. Diet changes of Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) in Pavlof Bay associated with climate changes in the Gulf of Alaska between 1980 and 1995. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:400-405.  Online. (.pdf, 292KB).

ZENGER, H. H. JR.
  2004. Data report: 2002 Aleutian Islands bottom trawl survey, U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-AFSC-143, 247 p.  Online.. (.pdf, 16.5MB).

ZEPPELIN, T. K., D. J. TOLLIT, K. A. CALL, T. J. ORCHARD, and C. J. GUDMUNDSON.
  2004. Sizes of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) and Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monpterygius) consumed by the western stock of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska from 1998 to 2000. Fish. Bull., U.S. 102:509-521.  Online. (.pdf, 380KB).

ZERBINI, A. N., A. ANDRIOLO, J. M. Da ROCHA, P. C. SIMÕES-LOPES, S. SICILIANO, J. L. PIZZORNO, J. M. WAITE, D. M. DeMASTER, and G. R. VanBLARICOM.
  2004. Winter distribution and abundance of humpback whales (Megaptera novangliae) off northeastern Brazil. J. Cetacean Res Manage. 6:101-107.


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