Pandalid Shrimp Species, Pandalidae
These pandalid shrimp from top to bottom are the spot
shrimp, Pandalus platyceros; the sidestripe shrimp, Pandalopsis
dispar; the coonstriped shrimp, Pandalus hypsinotus; the northern shrimp, Pandalus borealis; and the humpy
shrimp, Pandalus goniurus. The pandalid shrimp live mostly in
the subtidal zone as adults; the northern shrimp lives as deep as 1,380
meters on soft mud bottom. The genus Pandalus has a boreo-artic distribution in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. In
the Pacific, the species listed above generally range from the Bering Sea to
California. These arthropods eat polychaetes, small crustaceans such as amphipods and
euphausiids, limpets, and other shrimp. They are protandric hermaphrodites,
which means they are first males, then become females.All pictured
shrimp are commercially important.
Photo by Paul Anderson (now retired). References (a complete list) in the text include: O'Clair (1998), Gotshall (1994), Kessler (1985) or Barr (1983).