Resource Ecology & Fisheries Management (REFM) Division
Economics & Social Sciences Research Program
Community Profiles Published for Washington, Oregon, and Other U.S. States Showing Involvement in West Coast and North Pacific Fisheries
A NOAA Technical Memorandum profiling communities involved in West Coast and North Pacific Fisheries was published recently by the Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC) (NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-85). The result of a joint project between the NWFSC, AFSC, and Southwest Fisheries Science Center (SWFSC), the document profiles 125 fishing communities in Washington, Oregon, California, and two other U.S. states with basic social and economic characteristics and a compilation of information regarding participation in fisheries along the West Coast and in the North Pacific. The publication is a companion volume to the Alaska profiles, which used the same basic format to profile communities in Alaska and their participation in North Pacific fisheries.
The profiles are provided in a narrative format with four sections: 1) People and Place, 2) Infrastructure, 3) Involvement in West Coast Fisheries, and 4) Involvement in North Pacific Fisheries. "People and Place" includes information on location, demographics (including age and gender structure of the population, racial, and ethnic make up), education, housing, and local history. "Infrastructure" covers current economic activity, governance (including city classification, taxation, and proximity to fisheries management and immigration offices), and facilities (transportation options and connectivity, water and waste water, solid waste, electricity, schools, police, public accommodations, and ports). "Involvement in West Coast Fisheries" and "Involvement in North Pacific Fisheries" detail community activities in commercial (processing, permit holdings, and aid receipts), recreational, and subsistence fishing.
The community selection process assessed involvement in commercial fisheries using quantitative data from the year 2000, in order to coordinate with 2000 U.S. Census data. Census place-level geographies were used where possible to define communities, yielding 125 individual profiles. Quantitative indicators measured fisheries involvement in communities with commercial fisheries landings (weight and value of landings, number of unique vessels delivering fish to a community) and communities home to documented participants in the fisheries (state and federal permit holders and vessel owners). These indicators were assessed in two ways, as a ratio to the community’s population and as a ratio of involvement within a particular fishery. A data envelopment analysis model enabled a multivariate analysis to rank communities in terms of participation in commercial fisheries. The ranked lists generated by these two processes were combined and communities with scores one standard deviation above the mean were selected for profiling. The model is described in more detail in the AFSC Quarterly Report for July-August-September 2007 (http://www.afsc.noaa.gov/Quarterly/jas2007/divrptsREFM5.htm#model)
The communities profiled are as follows.
Aberdeen, Anacortes, Bay Center, Bellingham, Blaine, Bothell, Cathlamet, Chinook, Edmonds, Everett, Ferndale, Fox Island, Friday Harbor, Gig Harbor, Grayland, Ilwaco, La Conner, La Push, Lakewood, Long Beach, Lopez Island, Mount Vernon, Naselle, Neah Bay, Olympia, Port Angeles, Port Townsend, Raymond, Seattle, Seaview, Sedro-Woolley, Sequim, Shelton, Silvana, South Bend, Stanwood, Tacoma, Tokeland, Westport, and Woodinville.
Astoria, Bandon, Beaver, Brookings, Charleston, Clatskanie, Cloverdale, Coos Bay, Depoe Bay, Florence, Garibaldi, Gold Beach, Hammond, Harbor, Logsdon, Monument, Newport, North Bend, Pacific City, Port Orford, Reedsport, Rockaway Beach, Roseburg, Seaside, Siletz, Sisters, South Beach, Tillamook, Toledo, Warrenton, and Winchester Bay.
Albion, Arroyo Grande, Atascadero, Avila Beach, Bodega Bay, Corte Madera, Costa Mesa, Crescent City, Culver City, Dana Point, Dillon Beach, El Granada, El Sobrante, Eureka, Fields Landing, Fort Bragg, Half Moon Bay, Kneeland, Lafayette, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Los Osos, Marina, McKinleyville, Monterey, Morro Bay, Moss Landing, Novato, Oxnard, Pebble Beach, Point Arena, Port Hueneme, Princeton, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, San Pedro, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, Sausalito, Seaside, Sebastopol, Sunset Beach, Tarzana, Terminal Island, Torrance, Trinidad, Ukiah, Valley Ford, and Ventura.
- Other U.S. States:
Pleasantville, New Jersey, and Seaford, Virginia (both of which have concentrations of ownership engagement in North Pacific scallop fisheries).
Community Profiles for West Coast and North Pacific Fisheries -- Washington, Oregon and Other U.S. States can be downloaded at http://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/publications/displayinclude.cfm?incfile=technicalmemorandum2007.inc (see NMFS-NWFSC-85). Community Profiles for North Pacific Fisheries -- Alaska can be downloaded at http://www.afsc.noaa.gov/Publications/techmemos.htm (see NMFS-AFSC-160).
By Jennifer Sepez and Karma Norman